Hyperpigmentation

Hyperpigmented lesions most often develop as a result of UV radiation exposure, but other factors can also contribute, such as hormonal changes or other skin problems. When treating hyperpigmentation, there are different skin care products, medical cosmetic procedures or medical treatments that can be used to fade or remove the spots.

Hyperpigmentation
Hyperpigmentation

What leads to the development of hyperpigmentation, dark spots, discolorations?

Hyperpigmentations are dark discolorations on the skin which, although completely harmless in most cases, can be aesthetically unpleasing.

Natural pigments in our bodies are responsible for the color of our eyes, skin and hair and protect us from harmful UV rays. The pigment that gives us our skin color is called melanin and plays a vital role in protecting the skin. Certain external and/or internal factors can cause the pigments to be overproduced, causing excess melanin to accumulate unevenly in the skin and so hyperpigmentation occurs. This happens mainly when skin protection is compromised. Sometimes pronounced brown spots appear mainly in the areas most exposed to UV radiation: the face, neck, chest and arms.

This is no coincidence, as sun damage can play a major role in the development of age spots/sun spots. Increased UV exposure can lead to the development of pigmentation disorders more easily, even years later. It's not just over-exposure to the sun that can cause problems, solarium use can also cause pigmentation issues.

Hormonal changes can also play a role in the appearance of darker patches, for example, melanin production can be affected during pregnancy or menopause, and the resulting dark brown patches are called melasma.

Pigmentation can occur as a side effect of certain medications, chemicals (e.g. perfume) or after healing from inflammation of the skin, usually a reddish patch, which then turns brown. This is a condition known as PIE and PIH (Post Inflammatory Erythema and Post Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation), where melanin production may be increased locally in the inflamed area as the skin's defense system is activated. Sometimes it can also be caused by internal organ diseases, and sometimes by long-standing mechanical effects.

In general, as we age, the chances of getting hyperpigmentations are higher, as the skin's regenerative processes become slower, the natural balance can be disrupted and normal functions can be compromised. This can be further provoked by other external (e.g. UV radiation) and internal (e.g. hormonal) influences.  

So how do you get rid of these hyperpigmentations?

   
ZO® Skin Health - Skincare consultation ZO® Skin Health - Skincare consultation

ZO® Skin Health - Skincare consultation

Conscious skin care and correct sun protection play a huge role in preventing hyperpigmentations and treating existing skin problems. The majority of all pigment spots are caused by UV radiation, which not only creates unpleasant lesions on the skin but is also responsible for the visible signs of aging, wrinkles and sagging.

During the consultation, your skin condition will be assessed and a personalized treatment plan will be created to establish the correct skin care routine to prevent and reduce the appearance of hyperpigmentation. 

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IPL treatment

Treatment based on IPL technology can be personalized to suit your skin type and skin concerns. At different wavelengths, a variety of pigmentation problems can be treated, such as age spots, freckles or sun damage.

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IPL treatment
Laser treatment Laser treatment

Laser treatment

Hyperpigmentation removal with laser is a concentrated and powerful treatment that leaves you with homogeneous, even skin. DEKA's laser technology guarantees an extremely safe and thorough treatment, whether it's for smaller, darker pigmented spots or for lighter, extensive lesions.

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Pico laser pigment spot removal Pico laser pigment spot removal

Pico laser pigment spot removal

The PicoPlus® laser has a greater photoacoustic (mechanical) and less photothermal (heat) effect on the pigment spots, thereby breaking the pigment particles more efficiently.

With the PicoPlus® laser, we can effectively treat melasma, latte spots, age spots and freckles.

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CO2 laser peels, skin resurfacing

By using fractional CO2 laser, we are able to rejuvenate the entire epidermis, allowing us to also reduce hyperpigmentation. We recommend this procedure particularly for those who have more than just hyperpigmentation as their only aesthetic problem. The CO2 laser can also help with the following problems: uneven skin tone, scars, enlarged pores, wrinkles, and sagging skin.

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CO2 laser peels, skin resurfacing

SkinPen® microneedling

SkinPen® microneedling

SkinPen® microneedling

For pigmentation problems, micro-needling is also an excellent solution, as its collagen-stimulating effect encourages skin regeneration, which makes it an excellent treatment for photo-damaged skin. It also improves skin texture, overall complexion, pores and fine lines

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ZO® Skin - Chemical peels

Great results can be achieved with chemical peels. Using different intensity acids, you can do a deep exfoliation and stimulate a deep surface regeneration for a more youthful, even complexion. For example, the ZO® 3-Step Peel is a powerful peel that can help with all forms of superficial hyperpigmentation (e.g. post inflammatory hyperpigmentation, sun damage, age spots).

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ZO® Skin - Chemical peels

Aesthetic consultation: facial and skin diagnostics, personalized treatment plan

In our aesthetic consultations, we offer a comprehensive approach to aesthetic issues affecting the face and skin quality. Today, a wide range of procedures, professional treatments and skincare products are available to help you get the very best results, reduce signs of aging or find a lasting solution to a previously challenging skin problem. However, to achieve truly pleasing and significant results, it's important to find the best treatments, procedures and products for your specific needs. That's where we provide help!

During your consultation, we will assess your current skin condition and perform an aesthetic diagnosis. We use the Observ 520x innovative diagnostic system to assess skin quality. Following the results of the evaluation, we will discuss which procedure is the right choice to achieve the desired result depending on the current skin condition and how to combine and complement the different options, while also helping you to develop an effective skin care regime. What is discussed during the consultation will be recorded in a personalized treatment plan.

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